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Study medicine Georgia

MTSKHETA

Mtskheta has been Georgia’s spiritual heart since Christianity was established here in about 327, and holds a near-mystical significance in Georgian culture. It had already been capital of most of eastern Georgia from about the 3rd century BC, and remained so to the 5th century AD, when King Vakhtang Gorgasali switched his base to Tbilisi. Mtskheta has always kept its status as a spiritual capital, and its Svetitskhoveli Cathedral is still the setting for important ceremonies of the Georgian Orthodox Church. With an alluring setting where the Mtkvari and Aragvi Rivers meet, Mtskheta makes an easy and enjoyable day trip from Tbilisi.

Jvari Monastery

Jvari monastic temple immortalized by Michael Lermontov (“Mtsyri”poem) is the most ancient cult monument constructed in the beginning of Georgian Christianity in the 6th century (585- 604). The name Jvari means “cross” in Georgian language. It explains the ancient legend which says that it was there that St. Nino of Kappadokia put the Sacred Cross symbolizing the acceptance of Christianity by Georgia. Later over the cross the Temple of the Sacred Cross was built. It is worth mentioning that Small Jvari temple was built first (lying in ruins next to the main temple), and Big Jvari was erected afterwards for the purpose of preservation of the Sacred Cross relic. According to the ancient records the Cross was open to be seen from afar and was the object of worship until the 6 th century.

The columns of the brought down gate, the towers, and the church arch that was how Lermontov saw Jvari. Today Jvari looks the same as during the visit of Russian classic poet. The brought down stone walls with arch entrance and the temple itself seem majestic and strict. Its ascetic beauty is expressed in ideal proportions of the halls and the dome, in strict and straight lines, in smoothness of the external walls which do not bear any unnecessary decorative elements except the reliefs on their facades. Outwardly the temple looks like a big octahedral drum crowned by hexahedral cross-topped dome. Four premises adjoin the temple from two sides. Jvari interior is no less harmonious: pure, sound and complete classics enchants with its perfection. From the inside the church is decorated by a mosaic which has survived only in fragments. In the temple's centre one can see the foundation on which the Sacred Cross brought by St. Nino of Kappadokia used to be fixed to.Jvari is standing on the edge of a high rock and is in wonderful harmony with the severe but extremely picturesque nature of this area. Below, at the foot noisy Kura and Aragvi, two most known rivers in Georgia, are flowing by. Right across lies the extensive panorama of Mtskheta. On the windy slopes near Jvari grows the Tree of Wishes. The pilgrims come there to fasten ribbons with the hopes that their wishes will be granted.

Svetitskhoveli Cathedral

Svetitskhoveli is the main Christian Orthodox Cathedral in Georgia, located 20 km to the northwest of the capital Tbilisi. The current church was built between in 1010 and 1029 and it's the burial place of Georgian Kings and, according to Georgian tradition, it hosts Christ’s Robes.

The cathedral is one of the most revered places of worship in the country and was one of the main pilgrimages sites on the Silk Road, even nowadays it hosts ancient traditions and mysterious legends. The complex includes the church, a bell tower, a fortress and clerical residences and its highly artistic architecture dating back to feudal times has earned it a place on the UNESCO World Heritage Site list. For Georgians, Svetitskhoveli is much more than just a church or an architectural masterpiece. Svetitskhoveli is not just a church, a religious site, a holy sanctuary or the king's graveyard. It's a place that represents the whole history of Georgia, with battles, construction, destruction and again reconstruction," explains Buba Kudava, Professor of History at the Caucasus University of Tbilisi.

The name of the church itself reflects that history as in Georgian Svetitskhoveli means the 'Living Pillar'.

In Mtskheta, the climate is warm and temperate. Mtskheta is a city with a significant rainfall. Even in the driest month there is a lot of rain. This climate is considered to be Cfa according to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. The average annual temperature is 12.6 °C in Mtskheta. In a year, the average rainfall is 557 mm.

During the months of May, June, September and October you are most likely to experience good weather with pleasant average temperatures. On average, the warmest month(s) are July and August. Mtskheta has dry periods in January and December. On average, the warmest month is August. On average, the coolest month is January. May is the wettest month. This month should be avoided if you don't like too much rain. January is the driest month.

By Minibus

Marshrutkas run regularly every day of the week between Tbilisi's Didube market and the main street in Mtskheta.The cost to Mtskheta is 1 GEL per person. there are fewer marshrutka drivers operating on Sundays and that, this mode of transportation therefore becomes less dependable and more crowded.

By Taxi

20GEL from Tbilisi to Swetitskhoveli Cathedral. You have to negotiate the tariff before starti

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